The incident occurred on August 5 when EPA employees when they tried to drain and treat the water of the abandoned accidentally pulled the toxic compound containing particles of heavy metals and arsenic in the Environmental Manager.
The EPA has tripled its first estimate of the volume of liquid thrown into the river, from 3.8 million liters to more than 11 million eventually. The toxic spill has caused water can be orange, extending 160 kilometers to the neighboring state of New Mexico.
The Quality of Water
The authorities have offered to locals individual kits to check the quality of water from their wells. In the Animas River navigation, it has been banned any vessel as a precaution, and the city of Durango, which has 17,500 inhabitants and around have declared a state of emergency, according to a statement.
According to the reported EPA said in a statement, vehicles affected by this software model correspond to the years between 2014 and 2016 and stated that exceed emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) by up to nine times the Agency standards.
This new notification includes the Volkswagen, Audi, and Porsche brands and to Volkswagen Group of America and Porsche Cars North America.
The models affected by this device correspond to diesel versions of the Volkswagen Touareg, the Porsche Cayenne and Audi A6 Quattro, Q7 Quattro, A8, A8 L and Q5. The EPA said it has started, like the Board of Air Resources California, an investigation into the alleged actions of the German carmaker.
The EPA said that this second measure is in addition to the published last September 18 in relation software altering emissions 2.0 – liter diesel engines to detect that the car was undergoing a test laboratory.
Cynthia Giles of Volkswagen said that “once again failed” in its obligation to comply with legislation on air quality of all American citizens.
“All companies should be playing by the same rules. The EPA, along with our state and federal partners, will continue to investigate these serious issues to ensure the benefits of the Clean Air Act, to ensure a level playing field for companies responsible, and to ensure that consumers it obtained the environmental protection they expect, “he added.
New Tests for the Environment
- The organization noted that, following notification of September 18 in connection with 2.0 – liter engines, began testing all diesel 2015 and 2016 available cars in the US, using test procedures designed to detect software that manipulates emissions.
- According to the Environmental Manager, Volkswagen manufactured and installed software in the module control unit detects that the vehicles that the car is being tested to verify environmental standards.
- This reduces emissions and meeting the certification requirements.
- One second after the benchmark test, the vehicle immediately changes different operating parameters that increase emissions of NOx and indicates the software is moving towards the” normal “mode where NOx emissions exceed nine times the EPA standards, “added the agency.
- In this regard, he added that Volkswagen has a responsibility to fix the systems of emissions of such vehicles and stressed that they do not pose a safety hazard or their owners or to the vehicles themselves.
Volkswagen Denies Allegations
Volkswagen, the largest carmaker in Europe, the group has denied that its diesel 3 liters V6 engine also incorporates a computer program that manipulates data gas emissions pollutants.
The German company responded in a statement to the press release published today by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the US in which he was accused of having used in most engines so far detected a software that reduces emissions only when the vehicle it is on a test bench.
“Volkswagen wants to emphasize that is not installed any software on engines 3 – liter V6 to alter emissions of a prohibited way, ” says the brief company statement.
According to the company, the EPA claims to have discovered “that vehicles with V6 TDI engines have a software feature that has not been described correctly” when applying for permits.
Despite the denial, Volkswagen was willing to “cooperate fully with the EPA to clarify this matter thoroughly.”
The president of AIDESEP, Henderson Rengifo, told Efe that “the Amazon federations have raised the government an agenda with 27 points, which seeks to find solutions to the problems of Amazonian areas.”
Rengifo said the Peruvian government “was trapped in one of the points of the agenda,” which is proposing a fund benefit obtained from the audited oil production batch 192-13 native communities in the Amazon region of Loreto.
Lot 192, the country’s largest, was delivered this month in a direct award to the Canadian Pacific Stratus Energy, after the failure of the ICB.
“The fund shall constitute 0.75% of the value of production of the lot, but we believe that this is not the price of the resources are in the Amazon,” said Rengifo.
In a press conference, Rengifo said today that another order of the agenda is to initiate environmental remediation activities in areas of the basins of the Corrientes, Pastaza, Tigre and Marañón rivers directly affected by operations Lot 192.
AIDESEP also urged the Peruvian government to head the 20 million hectares of indigenous forest territory to achieve the official record of 1,200 native communities.
“The degree will halt the climate crisis and stop the threat of massive monoculture plantations, such as papaya or cocoa, causing deforestation,” the Amazonian leader.
As for the temporary contract for exploitation of oil block 192, signed for two years with Pacific, he asked the Peruvian State Rengifo explain the criteria considered to give the concession.
Rengifo highlighted the interest of their association to establish a “genuine dialogue” with the government of President Ollanta Humala.
How the Government Spends for the Environmental Budget
AIDESEP is a spokeswoman organization of indigenous peoples of the Amazon of Peru that seeks to insert into the public agenda proposed the development of indigenous peoples.
Government spending on Environmental Protection (GPPA) per person in Chile is 8,900 pesos, so determined an unpublished study by the Ministry of Environment and the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (Cepal), which was developed according to standards international.
The research, called Estimation of public spending on environmental protection in Chile, notes that in 2012 the country invested 145,042 million pesos, about $ 260 million in protecting the environment, equivalent to 0.1% of gross domestic product (GDP ).
Of the total, spending on air security and climate represent only 4.2% of GPPA, about 10 million. This percentage is small compared to others such as biodiversity, which accounts for 27.8%.
The GPPA is defined as expenditure to finance activities whose primary purpose is the prevention, reduction and elimination of pollution and other forms of environmental degradation.
“The study on environmental protection expenditures refers to the year 2012 and are committed to keeping track of these expenses because it allows us to prioritize and improve environmental policy.
We are a small and multiple demands and enormous challenges in every area country, “says La Tercera Rodrigo Pizarro, head of the Division of Information and Environmental Economics Ministry of the Environment.
According to ECLAC, the figure is the lowest among the countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), a select group of countries which it includes Chile since 2010.
“Compared with other nations, Mexico estimated an environmental protection expenditure 1% for the same year (2012), but for greater coverage including public and household sector. Estimated by Eurostat for Europe for the same year average is 0.67% of GDP for the general component, with Croatia the country with the lowest indicator (0.26% of GDP), “said Pizarro.
This study is the first to be held in Chile with a methodology to international statistical standards called CAPA (Classification of Environmental Protection Activities), which not only allows you to track spending but international comparisons and applied to 30 state services responsible 11 ministries environmental dependent.
The departments that contribute most to GPPA are those of Agriculture, Interior, and Environment, which is attributed to 80% of the estimated total.
“The government of President Bachelet recognizes that we have a significant deficit in environmental matters and that additional resources are required, for this reason, the government is promoting a series of initiatives to address our environmental problems,” he adds, who needs Pizarro spending public is only part of the total expenditure on environmental protection.
Among the initiatives to increase resources are creating a Service Biodiversity, Recycling Law, the Greens Taxes, and Decontamination Strategy, among others.